25th Cavalry Regiment

Nickname: Sickles' Cavalry

Left the State in detachments: 1864
Mustered out: June 27,1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

September 4, 1863, Col. Henry F. Liebenau received authority from the Governor of the State to recruit a regiment of cavalry, which, January 15, 1864, received the above numerical designation. It was organized at Saratoga Springs and Hart's island, under Colonel Liebenau, and his successor, Col. Gurden Chapin, for a service of three years; Companies I and M, however, contained a few men enlisted for but one year. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States at Saratoga, A and B February 20; C and D March 19; E and F April 14 and 23, respectively; at Hart's island, G April 20; H July 29; I September 18; K May 16, and L and M October 15 and 20, 1864, respectively.

The companies were recruited principally; A at Hancock, Saratoga Springs, Fremont and Greene county; B at Hancock, Root, Fremont and Stillwater; C at New York city, Neversink, Goshen, Saratoga, Half moon and Montgomery; D at Saratoga, Montgomery, New York city, Schenectady and Root; E at Saratoga, Goshen, Kingston and New York city; F at Saratoga and New York city; G and K at New York city; H at New York city, Brooklyn, Williamsburg, Goshen and Watertown; I at New York city, Brooklyn, Alberg, Goshen, Jamaica, Poughkeepsie, Tarrytown and Troy; L and M at New York city, Brooklyn, Jamaica, Goshen, Kingston, Plattsburg, Tarrytown, Troy and Schenectady.

The regiment left the State in 1864, by detachments, and served in the defenses of Washington, D. C., 22d Corps, from April, 1864; in the Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, from June, 1864; at Washington, D. C., 22d Corps, from July 7, 1864; in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry, Army of Potomac, from August, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry, from September, 1864; in the Army of the Shenandoah from October, 1864, and in the Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia, from April, 1865.

Commanded by Lieut.-Col. Aaron Seeley, the regiment was honorably discharged, and mustered out, June 27, 1865, at Hart's island, New York harbor, having, during its service, lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 10 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 6 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 49 enlisted men; total, 1 officer, 65 enlisted men; aggregate, 66; of whom 7 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume II: New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.

Twenty-fifth Cavalry.—Cols., Henry F. Liebenau, Gurden Chapin; Lieut. -Col., Aaron Seeley; Majs., Samuel W. McPherson, Charles J. Seymour, Clinton G. Townsley, John F. L. Danesi, Charles F. Willard. The 25th, known as the Sickles Cavalry, was organized at Saratoga Springs and Hart's island, under Col. Liebenau and his successor. Col. Chapin. The companies of which it was composed were recruited in the counties of New York, Delaware, Saratoga and Sullivan. Cos. A, B, C. D, E and F were mustered into the U. S. service at Saratoga from Feb. 20 to April 23, 1864, for three years; G, H, I, K, L and M, at Hart's island, from April 20 to Oct. 20, 1864. Throughout most of its term of service the regiment was commanded by Lieut-Col. Seeley, who was a popular officer and received an honorable wound at the battle of Woodstock, Va. The regiment left the state by detachments, going first to Washington and in June, 1864, served in the provost guard of the Army of the Potomac, returning to Washington in July. During this period it was engaged at White House landing, Charles City Court House, and Fort Stevens. In Aug., 1864, it was assigned to Merritt's cavalry division, with which organization it participated in Sheridan's brilliant campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, engaging at Halltown, Duffield Station, Leetown, Bunker Hill, Berryville, the Opequan, Fisher's hill, Front Royal, Luray, Port Republic, Woodstock, Conrad's ferry, Newtown (sustaining here its greatest loss, 22 killed, wounded and missing), White Plains, Upperville, Snicker's gap, Flint hill and Madison Court House. In Jan., 1865, it was in action at Columbia Furnace and saw its last fighting in March at Mt. Jackson, Harrisonburg, Rude's hill and Staunton. In April, 1865, it was assigned to the cavalry division, Army of West Virginia, and was finally mustered out and discharged at Hart's island, N. Y. harbor, on June 27, 1865. Its losses by death during service were 1 officer and 16 men killed and mortally wounded; 49 men died of disease, accidents, in prison, etc., a total of 66. The only commissioned officer killed in action was Lieut. Charles N. Howard, who fell at White House landing, June 21, 1864.

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25th Regiment Cavalry, NY Volunteers | Standards | Civil War

The 25th Regiment Cavalry, or “Sickles’s Cavalry,” mustered into service in Saratoga and Hart’s Island between February and October 1864. The NYS…

NYSMM Online Resources

Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (pdf)
Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (spreadsheet)

Muster Roll

Unit Roster
 

Other Resources

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Proceedings of the third annual reunion of the 25th N.Y. vet cavalry ass'n held in New York city, Sept. 20, 1893.

 

Items the museum holds are in bold.